Countries of Africa

africa

 

 

List of countries in Africa

Surrounded by water from all directions, Africa is a continent with clearly determined and absolutely accurate borders. In the north it is separated from Europe by the Mediterranean Sea, in the northeast, is separated from Asia by the Suez Canal and farther by the Red Sea. From the east and southeast it is surrounded by the Indian Ocean, from the west by the Atlantic Ocean.

The total number of independent states in Africa is 54. The transcontinental country in this region is Egypt, having also a small part of its territory in Asia, on the other side of the Suez Canal, but politically it is a member of the African Union.

Among the African countries, the biggest one is Algeria, occupying around 7% of the continent's territory. And the smallest nation is the Seychelles, the worldwide famous luxurious beach holiday destination, occupying 115 islands stretching along the mainland's eastern coast.

The colorful Morocco is in the first place among the most popular travel spots in this part of the world, the second place belongs to South Africa, followed by Egypt and Tunisia.

 

Flag Name Capital Currency Official language
algeria Algeria Algiers Dinar Arabic
angola Angola Luanda Kwanza Portuguese
50px-Flag_of_Benin.svg Benin Porto-Novo (official)
Cotonou (seat of government)
CFA franc French
Flag_of_Botswana.svg Botswana Gaborone Pula English
Setswana
Flag_of_Burkina_Faso.svg Burkina Faso Ouagadougou CFA franc French
Flag_of_Burundi Burundi Bujumbura Burundian franc Kirundi
French
Flag_of_Cameroon Cameroon Yaoundé CFA franc French
English
Cape Verde Cape Verde Praia Cape Verdean escudo Portuguese
flag of Central Republic of Africa Central African Republic Bangui CFA franc French
Sango
flag of Chad Chad N'Djamena CFA franc French
Arabic
50px-Flag_of_the_Comoros.svg Comoros Moroni Comorian franc Comorian
Arabic
French
Republic of Congo Congo (Congo-Brazzaville) Brazzaville CFA franc French
Flag of Côte d'Ivoire Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast) Yamoussoukro (official)
Abidjan (seat of government)
CFA franc French
Flag_of_the_Democratic_Republic_of_the_Congo Democratic Republic of the Congo (Congo-Kinshasa) Kinshasa Congolese franc French
50px-Flag_of_Djibouti Djibouti Djibouti Djiboutian franc French
Arabic
Flag_of_Egypt Egypt Cairo Egyptian pound Arabic
Flag_of_Equatorial_Guinea Equatorial Guinea Malabo CFA Franc Spanish
French
Portuguese
Flag_of_Eritrea Eritrea Asmara Nakfa Tigrinya
Arabic
English
Flag_of_Ethiopia Ethiopia Addis Ababa Birr Amharic
Flag_of_Gabon Gabon Libreville CFA franc French
Flag_of_The_Gambia Gambia Banjul Gambian dalasi English
Flag_of_Ghana Ghana Accra Ghana cedi English
50px-Flag_of_Guinea Guinea Conakry Guinean franc French
Flag_of_Guinea-Bissau Guinea-Bissau Bissau CFA franc Portuguese
50px-Flag_of_Kenya Kenya Nairobi Kenyan shilling Swahili
English
Flag_of_Lesotho Lesotho Maseru Lesotho loti English
Sesotho
50px-Flag_of_Liberia Liberia Monrovia Liberian dollar English
Flag_of_Libya Libya Tripoli Dinar Arabic
Flag_of_Madagascar Madagascar Antananarivo Malagasy ariary Malagasy
French
Flag_of_Malawi Malawi Lilongwe Kwacha English
Chichewa
Flag_of_Mali Mali Bamako CFA franc French
Flag_of_Mauritania Mauritania Nouakchott Ouguiya Arabic
50px-Flag_of_Mauritius Mauritius Port Louis Mauritian rupee Mauritian Creole
French
English
Flag_of_France Mayotte Mamoudzou
Overseas department of France
Euro French
Flag_of_Morocco Morocco Rabat Moroccan dirham Arabic
Berber
Flag_of_Mozambique Mozambique Maputo Mozambican metical Portuguese
Flag_of_Namibia Namibia Windhoek Namibian dollar English
50px-Flag_of_Niger Niger Niamey CFA franc French
50px-Flag_of_Nigeria Nigeria Abuja Naira English
Flag_of_France Réunion Saint-Denis
Overseas department of France
Euro French
Flag_of_Rwanda Rwanda Kigali Rwandan franc Kinyarwanda
English
French
50px-Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha Jamestown (Saint Helena)
Georgetown (Ascension Island)
Edinburgh of the Seven Seas (Tristan da Cunha)
Saint Helena pound
Pound sterling
English
50px-Flag_of_Sao_Tome_and_Principe Sao Tome and Principe São Tomé Dobra Portuguese
50px-Flag_of_Senegal Senegal Dakar CFA franc French
Flag_of_Seychelles Seychelles Victoria Seychellois rupee Seychellois Creole
French
English
Flag_of_Sierra_Leone Sierra Leone Freetown Leone English
50px-Flag_of_Somalia Somalia Mogadishu Somali shilling Somali
Arabic
Flag_of_Somaliland Somaliland Hargeisa Somaliland shilling Somali
Arabic
Flag_of_South_Africa.svg South Africa Pretoria (administrative/executive)
Cape Town (legislative)
Bloemfontein (judicial)
South African rand Afrikaans
English
Southern Ndebele
Northern Sotho
Southern Sotho
Swazi
Tsonga
Tswana
Venda
Xhosa
Zulu
Flag_of_South_Sudan.svg South Sudan Juba South Sudanese pound English
Flag_of_Sudan.svg Sudan Khartoum Sudanese pound Arabic
English
Flag_of_Swaziland.svg Swaziland Mbabane (administrative)
Lobamba (royal and legislative)
Lilangeni English
Swati
Flag_of_Tanzania.svg Tanzania Dodoma (official)
Dar es Salaam (seat of government)
Tanzanian shilling Swahili
English
50px-Flag_of_Togo.svg Togo Lomé CFA franc French
Flag_of_Tunisia.svg Tunisia Tunis Tunisian dinar Arabic
50px-Flag_of_Uganda.svg Uganda Kampala Ugandan shilling Swahili
EnglishLuganda
None Western Sahara None Disputed territory between  Morocco and the  Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Moroccan dirham
Algerian dinar
Mauritanian ouguiya
See respective claimants
50px-Flag_of_Zambia.svg Zambia Lusaka Zambian kwacha English
50px-Flag_of_Zimbabwe.svg Zimbabwe Harare Zimbabwean dollar English
Shona
Sindebele

 

Source: countries-ofthe-world.com  | wikipedia.org

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