NOTE FOR PARENTS: This is an exercise in research, comprehension and critical thinking. Using the internet to do research is encouraged as well as discussions with adults.
Please ensure all answers to questions are given in complete sentences. Please make sure your children know the pronunciations and meanings of the words in RED.
This course was designed to be family oriented and can be done as a family study. It is intended that this exercise be done within the period of 7 days. Answers can be given in a word document and emailed to: firstname.lastname@example.org. They can also be written out in an exercise book, scanned and sent to given email address. Work done in exercise books can be photographed and send to Whatsapp number 1- 246 -268 7084.
A brief study of colonialism. This study of Rastafari commences with a brief study of Marcus Mosiah Garvey. However, to learn about Garvey, we must understand what was happening to African people at the time he was born. Marcus Garvey was born into a world of neo – colonialism. You will learn by doing this exercise what colonialism is, and then, when completed, you will research and explain in your own words, what neo-colonialism is.
Sometime in 1619, a Portuguese slave ship, traveled across the Atlantic Ocean with a hull filled with human cargo: captive Africans from Angola, in southwestern Africa. The men, women and children, most likely from the kingdoms of Ndongo and Kongo, endured the horrific journey, bound for a life of enslavement in Mexico. Almost half the captives had died by the time the ship was seized by two English pirate ships; the remaining Africans were taken to Point Comfort, a port near Jamestown, the capital of the English colony of Virginia, which the Virginia Company of London had established 12 years earlier. The colonist John Rolfe wrote to Sir Edwin Sandys, of the Virginia Company, that in August 1619, a “Dutch man of war” arrived in the colony and “brought not anything but 20 and odd Negroes, which the governor and cape merchant bought for victuals.” The Africans were most likely put to work in the tobacco fields that had recently been established in the area.
Forced labour was not uncommon — Africans and Europeans had been trading goods and people across the Mediterranean for centuries — but enslavement had not been based on race. The trans-Atlantic slave trade, which began as early as the 15th century, introduced a system of slavery that was commercialized, racialized and inherited. Enslaved people were seen not as people at all but as commodities to be bought, sold and exploited. Though people of African descent — free and enslaved — were present in North America as early as the 1500s, the sale of the “20 and odd” African people set the course for what would become slavery in the United States.
A colony is a place controlled by another country. A country which has many colonies is often called an empire. A colonist is a person from the metropolitan state who lives in a colony. Colonial means having to do with a colony. Colonial land is land that belongs to the colony.
Questions: What is a Dominion? (Research) What is a Sphere? (Research) What do you think is meant by ” Sphere of influence”?
European nations came to the Americas to increase their wealth and broaden their influence over world affairs. The Spanish were among the first Europeans to explore the New World and the first to settle in what is now the United States.
By 1650, however, England had established a dominant presence on the Atlantic coast. The first colony was founded at Jamestown, Virginia, in 1607. Many of the people who settled in the New World came to escape religious persecution. The Pilgrims, founders of Plymouth, Massachusetts, arrived in 1620. In both Virginia and Massachusetts, the colonists flourished with some assistance from Native Americans. New World grains such as corn kept the colonists from starving while, in Virginia, tobacco provided a valuable cash crop. By the early 1700s enslaved Africans made up a growing percentage of the colonial population. By 1770, more than 2 million people lived and worked in Great Britain’s 13 North American colonies.
- Where did the first Africans taken to be enslaved come from?
- Are Ndongo and Kongo in North, South, East, West or Central Africa? (Research) What is Ndongo called presently? (Research)
- What European country took the first Africans and made them slaves?
- Name two countries that are on the west coast of Africa. (Research)
- Where were the first people taken from Africa, going to be enslaved?
- What happened to the ship that was carrying the first set of Africans who were to become slaves?
- What is the irony in the name “Point Comfort”? (Research the meaning of the word “irony” before answering the question.)
- What is the capital of Virginia?
- Was the first colony in Virginia made up of enslaved African or Europeans? What sentence in the text tell us who were the first colonialist?
- The colonist John Rolfe wrote to Sir Edwin Sandys, of the Virginia Company. What did he say?
- What is meant by “victuals”? (Research)
- Forced labour was not uncommon to African and European people. What made slavery different?
- What is a colony?
- What is an Empire?
- Explain the words Colonist, Colonial and Colony Land. Give the meanings to each of these terms in a different sentence.
- Why did European nations come to America?
- What European country was first to explore America, and what was it called before?
- Name three states in America that are on the Atlantic Coast. ( Research)
- Why did people come to settle in America?
- Who were the Pilgrims? ( Research)
- How many colonies did Great Britain have?
- State three things done to Africans to colonize them. (Research)
How would you describe colonial thinking? Is colonial thinking good or bad? Give reasons for your choice. ( This should be answered after research and discussion with parent or guardian)
These two question are for Adults.
- In the text it said that people coming to the new world were fleeing religious persecution. Give three examples of the types of religious persecution that people were fleeing from, who was doing the persecution and how or if these transformed themselves to have a place in our society presently?
- “Which the governor and cape merchant bought for victuals”. Explain what this means in the context of the passage.
Barbados Alkebulan Academy for Social Empowerment. (BAASE)
Should you be interested in enrolling for this study please call, Whatsapp or email BAASE for more information. This introduction to Rastafari Studies is public for all to see. However the course itself must be registered for, as access to it will be private.